ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) (2008). Criteria for accrediting engineering programs. Baltimore, MD: Author.
ACGME (Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education) (2007). Common program requirements: General competencies. Chicago, IL: Author.
Adam, S. (2004). Using learning outcomes: A consideration of the nature, role, application, and implications for European education of employing “learning outcomes” at the local, national, and international levels. Retrieved from http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/lifelong/tehea-00.asp
Adam, S. (2007a). New challenges in recognition: The recognition of prior learning. Paper for the Official Bologna Process Seminar, Riga, Latvia, January 24-26, 2007.
Adam, S. (2007b). Report based on the analysis of individual country 2007 stocktaking submissions on the implementation of national qualifications frameworks. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Retrieved from http://www.ehea.info/Uploads/Seminars/backgr_rep_SAdam.pdf.
Adelman, C. (ed. 1989). Signs and traces: Model indicators of undergraduate learning in the disciplines. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.
Adelman, C. (2008). Learning accountability from Bologna: A higher education policy primer. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Higher Education Policy.
Adelman, C. (2009). The Bologna Process for U.S. eyes: Relearning higher education in the age of convergence. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Higher Education Policy.
Admodt, P. & Hovdhaugen, E. (2008). Assessing higher education learning outcomes as a result of institutional and individual characteristics. Paper for the General Conference of the Programme on Institutional Management in Higher Education. Paris: OECD.
Albertine, S. & Henry, R. J. (2004). Quality in undergraduate education: A collaborative project. Liberal Education, 90(3), 46-53.
Allais, S., Raffe, D., & Young, M. (2009). Researching NQFs: Some conceptual issues. Employment Working Paper No. 44. International Labour Office, Employment Sector, Skills and Employability Department.
American Association of State Colleges and Universities. (1984). In pursuit of degrees with integrity: A value added approach to undergraduate assessment. Washington, D.C.: Author.
American Council on Education (2004, April). Public accountability for student learning in higher education: Issues and options. A position paper from the Business-Higher Education Forum. Retrieved from http://www.bhef.com/publications/public-accountability-student-learning-higher-education-issues-and-options
Association Européene des Conservatoires, Académies de Musique et Musikhochschulen (AEC). (2007). Summary of “Tuning” findings: Higher music education. Utrecht, NL: Author.
Association of American Colleges. (1982). A search for quality and coherence in baccalaureate education. Project on Redefining the Meaning and Purpose of Baccalaureate Degrees. Washington, D.C.: Author.
Association of American Colleges and Universities. (2002). Greater expectations: A new vision for learning as a nation goes to college. Washington, D.C.: Author.
Association of American Colleges and Universities. (2004). Taking responsibility for the quality of U.S. degrees: A report from the Greater Expectations Project on Accreditation and Assessment. Washington, D.C.: Author.
Association of American Colleges and Universities. (2007). College learning for the new global century: A report from the National Leadership Council for Liberal Education and America’s Promise. Washington, D.C.: Author.
Association of American Colleges and Universities. (2010). The quality imperative: Match ambitious goals for college attainment with an ambitious vision for learning. Washington, D.C.: Author.
Association of American Colleges and Universities and Council for Higher Education Accreditation. (2010). New leadership for student learning and accountability. Washington, D.C.: Author. Astin, A.W. (1978). Four Critical Years. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Australian Qualifications Authority. (2007). AQF Implementation Handbook (4th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.aqf.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/AQF-Implementation-Handbook-Fourth-Edition-2007.pdf
Australian Qualifications Framework Council. (2009, September). Strengthening the AQF: An architecture for Australia’s qualifications. A consultation paper. Retrieved from www.aqf.edu.au
Australian Qualifications Framework Council. (2010, July). Strengthening the AQF: A framework for Australia’s qualifications. Retrieved from http://www.aqf.edu.au
Barkley, E. F. Student engagement techniques: A handbook for college faculty. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010.
Barr, R. B. & Tagg, J. (1995). From teaching to learning: A new paradigm for undergraduate education. Change, 27(6), 13-25.
Bartosch, U. (2008). Bringing transparency to the faculties? The Qualifications Frameworks in action. In HRK (German Rectors Conference) Educating for a global world: Reforming German universities toward the European higher education area. Bonn, 18-19.
Baume, D. (2009). Writing and using good learning outcomes. Leeds, UK: Leeds Metropolitan University.
Bergan, S. & Damian, R. (eds.). (2010). Higher education for modern societies — competences and values. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
Bjornavold, J. & Coles, M. (2010). Added value of national qualifications frameworks in implementing the EQF [European Qualifications Framework]. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Blaich, C., & Wise, K. (2009). Overview of findings from the first year of the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education. Crawfordsville, Indiana: Center of Inquiry in the Liberal Arts at Wabash College. Retrieved from http://www.liberalarts.wabash.edu/storage/Overview_of_Findings_from_the_First_Year_web_07.17.09.pdf
Bloch, R. & Bürqi, H (2008). 2008 Swiss catalogue of learning objectives for undergraduate medical training (2nd ed.). Bern, CH: Institute for Medical Education.
Bloom, B.S. (1956). A taxonomy of educational objectives. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
BMBF (German Federal Ministry of Education and Research) and KMK (Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Länder of the Federal.
Republic of Germany). (2008). Report on the compatibility of the “Qualifications Framework for German Higher Education Qualifications” with the “Qualifications Framework for the European Higher Education Area.” Bonn, DE: Authors.
Bologna Process Coordination Group for Qualifications Frameworks. (2009). Synthesis of the replies received from national QF correspondents. Strasbourg: Author.
Bologna Process Working Group on Qualifications Frameworks. (2007). National qualifications frameworks development and certification. Retrieved from http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/hogeronderwijs/bologna/documents/WGR2007/WGQF-report-final2.pdf
Bologna Working Group on Qualifications Frameworks. (2005). A framework of qualifications of the European higher education area. Copenhagen: Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation. Retrieved from http://www.ehea.info/Uploads/QF/Bologna_Framework_and_Certification_revised_29_02_08.pdf
Bowen, H.R. (1983). Investment in Learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Kultur. (2004). Terminologiewörterbuch Hochschulwesen. Band I: Deutsch. Wein (AT): Author.
California State University. (1999). Learning outcomes for mathematical reasoning for the baccalaureate degree. Learning Outcomes Project Final Report, January 15, 1999. Los Angeles: Author.
Chickering, A.W. & Gamson, Z. S. (1987, March). Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education. AAHE Bulletin, 39 (7), 3–7.
Coles, M. (2006). A review of international and national developments in the use of qualification frameworks. Turin, Italy: European Training Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.etf.europa.eu/pubmgmt.nsf/%28getAttachment%29/4B4A9080175821D1C12571540054B4AF/$File/SCAO6NYL38.pdf.
Committee on Information Technology Literacy. (1999). Being fluent with information technology. National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). (2003, September). Statement of mutual responsibilities for student learning outcomes: Accreditation, institutions, and programs. Retrieved from https://www.chea.org/userfiles/CHEA%20Advisory%20Statements/StmntStudentLearningOutcomes9-03.pdf
Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). (2006, December). Accreditation and accountability: A CHEA special report. Retrieved from http://www.chea.org/pdf/Accreditation_and_Accountability.pdf
Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. (2007). Ministerial statement on quality assurance of degree education in Canada. Retrieved from www.cmec.ca
Council of the European Union. (2007). Bologna Seminar: Higher Education Forum on Qualifications Frameworks: Recommendations. Strasbourg: Author. Retrieved from http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/highereducation/QF/Recommendations_QF_Stras1007_EN.pdf
Danish Bologna Follow Up Group. (2003). Towards a Danish “Qualifications Framework” for higher education. Copenhagen, DK: Author.
de Bruin et al. (2007). Competences in education and cross-border recognition: Evaluation of the usefulness of learning outcomes and competences for international recognition. The Hague, Netherlands: NUFFIC.
Dillon, S. (2010, June 3). States receive a reading list: New standards for education. The New York Times, p. A14.
Driscoll, A., & Wood, S. (2007). Outcomes-based assessment for learner-centered education. Sterling, VA: Stylus.
Erwin, T. D. (1991). Assessing student learning and development. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop). (2008a). Terminology of European education and training policy: A selection of 100 key terms [in six languages]. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop). (2008b). The shift to learning outcomes: Conceptual, political and practical developments in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Retrieved from http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/EN/publications/12952.aspx
European Students Union (ESU). (2004). Policy paper: Qualification frameworks. Tallinn, Estonia: Author.
European University Association (2004). Shared “Dublin” descriptors for Short Cycle, First Cycle, Second Cycle and Third Cycle Awards, October 18, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.eua.be/activities-services/publications.aspx
Ewell, P.T. (1983). Information on student outcomes: How to get it and how to use it. Boulder, CO: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS).
Ewell, P.T. (1984). The self-regarding institution. Boulder, CO: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS).
Ewell, P.T. (2009, November). Assessment, accountability and improvement: Revisiting the tension. National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment (NILOA). Retrieved from http://www.learningoutcomeassessment.org/documents/PeterEwell_006.pdf
Ewell, P. (2013, January). The Lumina Degree Qualifications Profile (DQP): Implications for assessment. National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment (NILOA). Retrieved from http://www.learningoutcomeassessment.org/documents/EwellDQPop1.pdf.
Farmer, D.W. (1988). Enhancing student learning: Emphasizing essential competencies in academic programs. Wilkes-Barre, PA: King’s College.
Gallacher, J., Toman, N., Caldwell, J., Edwards, R., & Raffe, D. (2005). Evaluation of the impact of the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF). Edinburgh: Scottish Executive. Retrieved from http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/11/30173432/34323
Gaston, P. L. (2008). Bologna: A challenge for liberal education and an exceptional opportunity. Liberal Education, 94(4), 14-19.
Gaston, P. L. (2010b). The challenge of Bologna: What U.S. higher education has to learn from Europe and why it matters that we learn it. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishers.
Gaston, P. L. (2010a). General education & liberal learning: Principles of effective practice. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Colleges and Universities.
Gaston, P. L. (2014). Higher education accreditation: How it’s changing, why it must. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishers.
Gaston, P. L. (2004). Reading reauthorization: Lessons for tomorrow in yesterday’s debate. Metropolitan Universities, 15(4), 38-50.
Gaston, P. L. & Gaff, J. G. (2009). Revising general education — and avoiding the potholes. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities.
Gehmlich, V. (2008). Die Einführung eines Nationalen Qualifikationsrahmens in Deutschland: Untersuchung der Möglichkeiten für den Bereich des formalen Lernens. Bonn, DE: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung.
González, J. & Wagenaar, R. (2005). “Tuning” educational structures in Europe II. Bilbao, Spain: University of Deusto.
Grant G., Elbow, P., Ewens, T., Gamson, Z., Kohli, W., Neumann, W., Olesen, V., & Riesman, D. (1979). On competence: A critical analysis of competence-based reforms in higher education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Hart Research Associates. (2007). How should colleges prepare students to succeed in today’s global economy? Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://www.aacu.org/leap/documents/Re8097abcombined.pdf
Hart Research Associates. (2008). How should colleges assess and improve student learning? Employers’ views on the accountability challenge. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from https://www.aacu.org/sites/default/files/files/LEAP/2008_Business_Leader_Poll.pdf
Hart Research Associates. (2009). Trends and emerging practices in general education. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://www.aacu.org/membership/documents/2009MemberSurvey_Part2.pdf
Hart Research Associates. (2010). Raising the bar: Employers’ views on college learning in the wake of the economic downturn. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://www.aacu.org/leap/documents/2009_EmployerSurvey.pdf
Hersh, R. H. (2004). Assessment and accountability: Unveiling the student learning factor in higher education. A presentation to the AAHE National Assessment Conference, June 2004. Retrieved from http://www.teaglefoundation.org/Teagle/media/GlobalMediaLibrary/documents/resources/Liberal_Education_and_Preparation.pdf?ext=.pdf
Hersh, R. H., Bundick, M., Keeling, R., Keyes, C., Kurpius, A., Shavelson,R., Silverma, D., & Swaner, L. (2008). A well-rounded education for a flat world: A paper prepared by the College Outcomes Project. Washington, D.C.: S. Engelhard Center. Retrieved from http://cae.org/images/uploads/pdf/05_A_Well-Rounded_Education_for_a_Flat_World.pdf
Higher Education and Training Awards Council, Ireland (HETAC). (2004). Policy and criteria for the making of higher education and training awards. Dublin, Ireland: Author.
Internet Resources for Higher Education Assessment: DQP 2 WorkDocInProg 090913.docx http://www2.acs.ncsu.edu/UPA/assmt/resource.htm
[Irish] University Sector Framework Implementation Network. University awards and the National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ): Issues around the design of programmes and the use and assessment of learning outcomes. Dublin, IE: Author.
James, R. & Meek, L. (2008). Proposal for an Australian Higher Education Graduation Statement: Final report to the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. Melbourne: Centre for the Study of Higher Education.
Johnstone, S.M., Ewell, P., & Paulson, K. (2002). Student learning as academic currency. Washington, D.C.: American Council for Higher Education (ACE).
Jones, E.A. (1995). National assessment of college student learning: Identifying college graduates’ essential skills in writing, speech and listening, and critical thinking.
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement.
Khayat, J., Dif, M., Alsace, B.C., Kelly, C., Kadlec, M., Stalker, M., & Tūtlys, V. (2009). Guidelines for the application of national qualifications frameworks and the European Qualifications Framework in the inter-county comparison of sectoral qualifications. Kaunas, Lithuania: Vytautas Magnus University. Retrieved from http://www.nqai.ie/documents/SECCOMPATGUIDELINES_Final_ Report_Jan2010.pdf
Kuh, G. D. (2008). High-impact educational practices: What they are, who has access to them, and why they matter. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities.
Kuh, G. & Ikenberry, S. (2009). More than you think, less than we need. Champaign, IL: National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment.
Leskes, A. & Miller, R. (2006). Purposeful pathways: Helping students achieve key learning outcomes. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities.
Loboda, Z. & Krémó, A. (2008). Linking European and national qualification frameworks — processes in Hungary. Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture.
Malta Qualifications Council. (2009). Referencing of the Malta Qualifications Framework (MQF) to the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) and the Qualifications Framework of the European Higher Education Area (QF/ EHEA). Malta: Author.
Massachusetts Board of Regents of Higher Education. Student learning outcomes statements. Retrieved from http://www.mass.edu/documents/BHE10-02AcceptanceoftheFinalReportfromtheCommissionersAdvisoryGrouponUndergraduateEducation.pdf
McKiernan, H.H. & Birtwistle, T. (2010). Making the implicit explicit: Demonstrating the value added of higher education by a qualifications framework. Journal of College and University Law, 36(2), 511-564.
Meijers, A.W.M., van Overveld, C.W.A.M., & Perrenet, J.C. (2005). Criteria for academic bachelor’s and master’s curricula. Eindhoven, Netherlands: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. Miami Dade College. Student learning outcomes statements. Retrieved from http://www.mdc.edu/learningoutcomes/outcomes.aspx
Miller, M. A. (2008). The Voluntary System of Accountability — origins and purposes: An interview with George Mehaffy and David Shulenberger. Change, 40(4), 8-13.
Ministére de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche [MEN]. (2005). Programme Pédagogique de National du DUT: “Information – communication”: Présentation de la formation. Paris: Author.
Ministére de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche [MEN]. (2006). Programme Pédagogique de National du DUT: “Carrières juridiques”: Présentation de la formation. Paris: Author.
Ministry of Education, Culture and Science [OCW]. (2008). [Draft] Self-certification of the Higher Education Qualifications Framework in the Netherlands.The Hague: Author.
Moon, J. (2002). The module and programme development handbook. London: Kogan Page.
National Governors Association. (2010). Compete to complete. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from https://www.nga.org/files/live/sites/NGA/files/pdf/1007COMMONCOLLEGEMETRICS.PDF
National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers (2010). The Common Core State Standards. Washington, D.C.: Authors. Retrieved from http://corestandards.org/
National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (2007, February 23). Issue brief: Higher education accountability for student learning. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://www.nga.org/files/live/sites/NGA/files/pdf/0702HIGHERED.PDF
National Governors Association Center for Best Practices. (2009, November 9). Measuring student achievement at postsecondary institutions. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://www.nga.org/files/live/sites/NGA/files/pdf/0911MEASURINGACHIEVEMENT.PDF
National Qualifications Authority of Ireland. (2009). Referencing of the Irish National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ) to the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning. Dublin: Author.
National Qualifications Authority of Ireland. (2010). National Qualifications Frameworks and the European Overarching Frameworks: Supporting lifelong learning in European education and training. Dublin: Author.
Ontario Qualifications Framework. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.tcu.gov.on.ca/pepg/programs/oqf/
Palomba, C. A. & Banta, T. W. (1999). Assessment essentials: Planning, implementing, and improving assessment in higher education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Pulley, J. (2010). The data drive. Lumina Foundation Focus, Spring 2010, 3-13.
Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. (2007a). Benchmark statements: Accounting. Retrieved from http://http://www.qaa.ac.uk/en/Publications/Documents/Subject-benchmark-statement-Accounting.pdf
Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. (2007b). Benchmark statements: History. Retrieved from http://www.qaa.ac.uk/publications/information-and-guidance/publication?PubID=541#.VdNQZvlVhBd
Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. (2008). The framework for higher education qualifications in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Gloucester: Author.
Rhodes, T. (ed.). (2010). Assessing outcomes and improving achievement: Tips and tools for using rubrics. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities.
Rychen, D.S. & Salganik, L.H. (ed.). (2003). Key competencies for a successful life and a well-functioning society. Report of the OECD DeSeCo (definition of competences) project, OECD, Paris. Retrieved from http://www.hogrefe.com/program/key-competencies-for-a-successful-life-and-a-well-functioning-society.html
Schermutski, M. and Peters-Burns. (2004), A. Empfehlungen zur Anwendung des ECTS-System als Transfer- und Akkumulierungssystem im Rahmen der Umstellung auf Bachelor- und Masterabschlüsse an der FH Aachen. Aachen, DE, Fachhochschule Aachen.
Stark, J.S. & Lowther, M.A. (1988). Strengthening the ties that bind: Integrating undergraduate liberal and professional study. Report of the Professional Preparation Network. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
State Council of Higher Education for Virginia: Core competencies. Retrieved from http://research.schev.edu/
State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO). (2005). Accountability for better results: A national imperative for higher education. A National Commission on Accountability in Higher Education, March 10, 2005. Retrieved from http://www.sheeo.org/sites/default/files/publications/Accountability%20for%20Better%20Results.pdf
Steen, L.A. (2001). Mathematics and democracy: The case for quantitative literacy. Princeton, NJ: National Committee on Education and the Disciplines.
Study Group on the Conditions of Excellence in American Higher Education (1984). Involvement in learning: Realizing the potential of American higher education. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.
The Danish Evaluation Institute. (2009): Self-certification: Verification of compatibility of the Danish National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education with the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area. Copenhagen: Author. Retrieved from http://www.ehea.info/Uploads/QF/DK-QF-report-EN.pdf
The Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (1991). What work requires of schools. A SCANS report for America 2000. U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, D.C. Retrieved from http://wdr.doleta.gov/SCANS/whatwork/whatwork.pdf
Tuck, R. (2007). An introductory guide to national qualification frameworks: Conceptual and practical issues for policy makers. Skills and Employability Department, International Labour Office (ILO). Geneva: Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_emp/—ifp_skills/documents/instructionalmaterial/wcms_103623.pdf
“Tuning USA” Indiana Committee. (2010). “Tuning USA” Indiana final report. Indianapolis, IN: Author.
“Tuning USA” Minnesota Committee. (2010). “Tuning USA” Minnesota final report. St. Paul, MN: Author.
“Tuning USA” Utah Committee. (2010). “Tuning USA” Utah final report. Salt Lake City, UT: Author.
Université Jean Monnet. (2007). Renouvellement d’un diplôme de LICENSE généraliste: Géosciences et Environnement. Saint-Etienne, France: Author.
University of Wisconsin. Student learning outcomes statements. Retrieved from http://www.provost.wisc.edu/content/WI_Exp_ELOs.pdf
Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education. (2009). High-Impact practices and experiences from the Wabash National Study. Crawfordsville, IN: Center of Inquiry in the Liberal Arts at Wabash College.
Warren, J.R. (1978). The Measurement of Academic Competence. Final report to the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education. ERIC number ED 174649.
Whitaker, U. (1989). Assessing learning: Standards, principles, and procedures. Philadelphia, PA: Council for Adult and Experiential Learning (CAEL).